Pterygium surgery is a procedure performed to remove noncancerous conjunctiva growths (pterygia) from the eye.
The conjunctiva is the clear tissue covering the white part of the eye and the inside of the eyelids. Some cases of a pterygium produce little to no symptoms. Severe overgrowth of conjunctiva tissue can cover the cornea and interfere with your vision.
The pterygium surgery is a minimally invasive surgery. It generally takes no more than 30 to 45 minutes. Your doctor will most likely provide you with general guidelines to prepare for your pterygium surgery.
Once the pterygium is removed, doctors will either use sutures or fibrin glue to secure the conjunctiva tissue graft in its place. Both techniques reduce the possibility of recurring pterygia.
While using dissolvable sutures may be considered a benchmark practice, it can cause more discomfort postsurgery, and extend the recovery time for several weeks.
Using fibrin glue, on the other hand, has shown to reduce inflammation and discomfort while cutting the recovery time in half (compared to using sutures). However, since fibrin glue is a blood-derived product, it may carry the risk of transmitting viral infections and diseases. Using fibrin glue can also be more expensive than opting for sutures.