One of the requisites for relating with the surrounding world is vision. As an important requirement for our health and our well-being, retaining or restoring good quality, functional and permanent vision is crucial, being a major challenge for our society. Apparently, the oldest concerns in the history of medicine were the hygiene of the eye, ocular diseases and their treatments, indicating the importance of vision as a basic human faculty (Tabatabaei et.al, 2014).
Having the remarkable history of medicine, ophthalmology and optics, Iran has presented several great physicians and ophthalmologists to the world. The ophthalmology can be traced back to 6000 years ago. Avesta (The primary collection of religious texts of Zoroastrianism) contains the oldest document about ophthalmic diseases. Moreover, a scientific revolution including ophthalmological revolution happened in Genta Shapirta (Gundishapur) about 1600 years ago (Moein and Shams, 2010).
The growth of ophthalmology in recent centuries has been remarkable. Iran as a developing country has had significant progress in ophthalmology. Having professional physicians and hospitals and presenting affordable therapeutic services, Iran can be a suitable country for therapeutic goals.